Inflammation is the body’s first line of defence against harm. Infections, toxins and injuries all trigger an inflammatory response in the body. But, inflammation can become a problem if it persists. 

What is Inflammation?

Inflammation is the body’s process of fighting off infections, toxins and injuries. The body triggers an inflammation reaction in an attempt to heal itself. 

When the cells get damaged, the body releases chemicals. These chemicals trigger a response from the immune system. Proteins and antibodies are released and blood flow to the affected area increases. The result is inflammation. 

What are the Signs of Skin Inflammation?

Like any other part of the body, the skin can be affected by the immune response. Inflammation in the skin often causes a rash. This could be a response to allergic reactions, infections, or certain health conditions. Common causes of skin inflammation include dermatitis, psoriasis,  eczema, and skin infections. 

The main symptom of skin inflammation is a rash, but depending on the severity and cause of the rash, it may differ. For instance, it can be the following: 

  • Smooth or scaly 
  • Flat or raised 
  • Itchy 
  • Warm 
  • Cracked and bleeding 
  • Thickening of the skin 
  • Blisters or pimples 

What Causes Inflammation?

Inflammation occurs when something triggers your immune system. This is entirely normal and serves as a way to keep you safe. But, there are certain factors that can cause inflammation in the skin, as your immune response may overreact or not function properly. 


Potential causes of skin inflammation include: 

  • Allergic reaction 
  • An infection
  • An injury
  • Heat
  • Photosensitivity 
  • Immune function issues 


Factors that may increase your risk of developing chronic inflammation include: 

  • Ageing
  • Diet rich in added sugars and unhealthy fats
  • Obesity
  • Low sex hormones
  • Smoking
  • Sleep problems 
  • Stress 

How Can You Treat Inflammation?

Treatment for inflammation may vary, depending on the cause and severity. Topical treatments may be applied to the skin to reduce inflammation and ease discomfort. 

ZO Skin Health has effective solutions for managing inflammation. One of the treatment options to manage and treat inflammation is the ZO Calming Toner. It’s a pH-balanced toner designed to refresh and calm your complexion. The toner contains ingredients like sodium PCA, sodium hyaluronate and panthenol. This helps retain and replenish skin hydration.



The toner infuses lightweight hydration to weak and sensitised skin areas. This results in increased skin barrier function. It also helps soothe inflamed skin. Apply the toner to the face and neck using a cotton pad after exfoliating. For the best and long-lasting results, combine it with your other ZO Skin Health routine. 

If a rash appears suddenly, is painful, or is accompanied by a fever, you should always contact your GP to seek medical attention. This is because a rash may be a sign of an allergic reaction, so it should not be taken lightly. 

If you suffer from skin inflammation, we’re here to help. At the Harley Clinic, London, we create individual treatment plans and help you find the right path to reduce inflammation and improve skin health. To book a consultation today, call 0203 582 4947 or email [email protected]